Muscle length calculation

Hi there,

I just want to know if you use the theory presented in the following paper to compute muscle length:

Thank you


[i]The Obstacle-Set Method for Representing Muscle Paths in Musculoskeletal Models.

Garner BA, Pandy MG.

A computational method is introduced for modeling the paths of muscles in the human body. The method is based on the premise that the resultant muscle force acts along the locus of the transverse cross-sectional centroids of the muscle. The path of the muscle is calculated by idealizing its centroid path as a frictionless elastic band, which moves freely over neighboring anatomical constraints such as bones and other muscles. The anatomical constraints, referred to as obstacles, are represented in the model by regular-shaped, rigid bodies such as spheres and cylinders. The obstacles, together with the muscle path, define an obstacle set. It is proposed that the path of any muscle can be modeled using one or more of the following four obstacle sets: single sphere, single cylinder, double cylinder, and sphere-capped cylinder. Assuming that the locus of the muscle centroids is known for an arbitrary joint configuration, the obstacle-set method can be used to calculate the path of the muscle for all other joint configurations. The obstacle-set method accounts not only for the interaction between a muscle and a neighboring anatomical constraint, but also for the way in which this interaction changes with joint configuration. Consequently, it is the only feasible method for representing the paths of muscles which cross joints with multiple degrees of freedom such as the deltoid at the shoulder.[/i]


Please try to find this paper:
Feng Gao, Michael Damsgaard, John Rasmussen & Søren Tørholm Christensen (2002): Calculating Muscle Line-of-action for Musculo-skeletal Modeling. Biological Cybernetics, 87, no. 3, pp 199-210.

Best regards,

Hi Moonki,

I found the following paper, which is close :

Computational method for muscle-path representation in musculoskeletal models.
by Feng Gao, Michael Damsgaard, John Rasmussen, Søren Tørholm Christensen

Can I use it as a reference ?

Thank you


Hi Pierre,

The method described in this paper is not used in AMS, the following paper describes the method being used:

John Rasmussen, Vit Vondrak, Michael Damsgaard, Mark de Zee and Søren T. Christensen: The AnyBody project - Computer analysis of the human body. Computer Analysis of the Human Body. Biomechanics of Man 2002, pp. 270 - 274. The Czech Society of Biomechanics, Cejkovice, Czech Republic, November 13-15th, 2002. Abstract (pdf)

Best regards